Cultivated landscape

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Sit­u­at­ed at a height of 367m, this site offers an extra­or­di­nary view on the south side of the tra­di­tion­al Nieder­an­ven land­scape- geo­log­i­cal­ly char­ac­terised by the pres­ence of the sand­stone lay­er and Keu­per, engen­der­ing dif­fer­ent types of ground need­ing adapt­ed use.  On the west side, the Lux­em­bourg sand­stone lay­er is marked by a 80 m high step in the ter­rain. Huge rock faces are char­ac­ter­is­tic for the Keu­per land­scape. The sandy and very light grounds of the sand­stone lay­er are cov­ered by the “Grünewald” for­est, which by its sur­face of 4.500 ha, is the largest for­est area in Lux­em­bourg. Clas­si­fied his­toric mon­u­ment in the year 1966, the Grünewald is the most impor­tant reserve of drink­ing water and is also an impor­tant leisure and rest­ing area. On the east side, on the Keu­per lay­ers, lays a wide and open land­scape, marked by dif­fer­ent attrac­tive ele­ments as small wood­lands, orchards, shrub lands and arid grass­lands. Since ever the inhab­i­tants used this ter­raced land­scape for pas­ture. At the begin­ning of the 19th cen­tu­ry, even some vine­yards could be found on the south slopes of the Aar­nescht, par­tic­u­lar­ly favourable for viti­cul­ture. In spite of the prox­im­i­ty to the city of Lux­em­bourg, the land­scapes of the Nieder­an­ven could per­pet­u­ate and pre­serve their rur­al char­ac­ter.

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